Friday, October 20, 2017

Interview at Multiverse

Timothy Connolly of TSR, Inc. interviewed me for their Multiverse blog, and the interview went live today:

This was a lot of fun to do, and I hope folks check it out!

Thursday, October 19, 2017

Darker Paths Halloween Sale

Hello, kiddies! 
It's that wonderful time of year again, boys and ghouls... The annual Halloween sale, when the Darker Paths series of supplements are on sale for a ridiculously low price. And of course they're all usable with almost all old-school, 0E/1E/2E type games. This is honestly some of my favorite work.

How low, and what do you get?

Darker Paths 1: The Necromancer
The necromancer is a master of death and the undead; his spells are centered on dealing with crypts and tombs, creating and treating with the undead, as well as emulating some of the powers of the undead at higher level. 20 pages, on sale for $3.42.

Darker Paths 2: The Witch
This witch is not a sexy nature-worshiper. Nor is she a misunderstood and unjustly persecuted healer and herbalist. This is the witch of the Brothers Grimm, the Malleus Maleficarum, and Medieval folklore. It features approximately fifty new spells such as Hand of Glory, Blight Field, Candle Magic, and Masse Noire, plus full descriptions of spells that are shared with other classes, so players will have everything they need at their fingertips. Cover art and an interior character illustration is by veteran OSR artist Jason Sholtis. 20 pages, on sale for $3.42.

Darker Paths 3: The Demonolator
Demonolaters are priests who serve demon lords and ladies. The character class is a sub-class of cleric, but each demon lord has priests with special powers and spells, nearly 40 of which are included (with names like dark offering, invite possession, and warp reality). 
This supplement also includes rules for demonic pacts and statistics for the demon lord Dagon and his minions, the dreaded carcharo demons. 15 pages, $2.93.

And best of all, there's a bundle of all three available for just $9.95! Dude, I wrote this, and I'd pay that much for it, easy.

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Ogre coming to Steam

I normally hate video games, but this looks amazing. I've been a huge fan of the game since the 70's, including the miniatures version, and this looks like a very worthy addition to the family. Now I'll have to figure out how to get a Steam account, just for this.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Greyhawk Gods in 5E

As I've been posting my progress on my Greyhawk 576 material for 5th Edition, someone asked if they could see a list of all the deities I'm planning on including. So here it is, subject to change, of course. Names marked with an asterisk are already done, with full write-ups including a unique divine domain for clerics who choose to take it, rather than one of the standard divine domains. (Where applicable - a couple of gods don't have clerics, only druids, but since Oerth has two moons, there's a Circle of Luna and a Circle of Celene.)

Saint Cuthbert*
The Elder Elemental God*
Stern Alia
Wee Jas*
Xan Yae*

A few notes on the selections; I've deliberately left out Baklunish gods not listed in the Guide to the World of Greyhawk/From the Ashes. I am using non-Living Greyhawk material wherever possible, and am trying to make a synthesis of all the 1E, 2E, 3E, 4E, and 5E material I can. A few entries might surprise you, but I thought they were interesting, such as Stratis from the Sundered Empire setting of the early 2000's Chainmail game (brother of Hextor and Heironeous, who is still alive as of 576), and Vatun, the Suel god of winter who is imprisoned by the Oeridian god of winter, Telchur!

It's also worth noting that a few didn't make the list. Mayaheine and Vecna, for instance, didn't achieve demigod status in Oerth until around 585.

As a reminder, this is just a thought-exercise on my part, until and unless Wizards of the Coast allows third-parties to publish Greyhawk material on DM's Guild.

UPDATE: I'll be keeping this list up to date as I finish off gods, just in case anyone is interested in seeing progress made.

Saturday, September 30, 2017

Review: Marvel's Inhumans (spoiler-free)

I watched the first two episodes of Marvel's Inhumans last night (I did not see the Imax screening a few weeks ago). This is a property that has had a sort of rocky history at Marvel studios; it was originally supposed to be a movie, and then it got downgraded to a TV series at ABC.

Historically, the Inhumans have always played second fiddle to the mutants in the comic-books, but they fill a similar ecological niche (the distrusted and discriminated-against minority, which can stand in for whichever minority morality tale you want to tell), and since Marvel/Disney won't be getting the rights to the X-Men back from Fox anytime soon, using the Inhumans to fill their place in the MCU seems like a logical step. In fact, the other MCU show on ABC at the moment, Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., has been using the Inhumans as major story threads for several seasons now, pretty successfully.

So, with this context in mind, I have to say that while I wasn't bowled over by Inhumans, neither was I entirely disappointed in it.

Let's get the obvious out of the way first. The step-down from feature film to television series is obvious when it comes to the special effects and production values in general. Two things in particular stand out as particularly weak in that department, and unfortunately they're pretty critical; Medusa's hair, and the Inhuman city of Attilan.

Medusa's hair is her super-power, and is both prehensile and super-strong. In the comics and cartoons, this is used to great effect, with her hair constantly moving and twirling about, almost subconsciously reflective of her mood (sort of like Doctor Octopus's tentacles in Spider Man 2). In the new show, her hair only moves twice, and doesn't move when it obviously should (the scene stood out to me, and had me saying to the TV, "why doesn't she just grab him with her hair???"). In fact, her hair on the IMDB page for the show moves more than it did in the show. I get it. It's expensive to CGI that stuff. But that's disappointment one.

Disappointment two is the city of Attilan itself. Hidden on the moon (in the comics, it has moved around a lot, which has actually been turned into a feature), the city is a bland collection of sharp edges and while or light gray walls. There is barely a hint of color anywhere to be seen. I get the practical reasoning behind it (since the city is on the moon, the city would have to be built out of lunar regolith), but compared to the Kirby-designed wildness of curves and colors that we see in the comic books, it's jarring. Even to someone not acquainted with the comics, it would come across as bland.

However, I've got to say that other than those two major disappointments, the rest of the show is pretty much as I would expect from an MCU show on ABC. It feels very much like a spin-off of Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. in terms of the writing and pacing, and I was especially impressed with the writing for the show's villain. The key to a good villain is to give him a believable motivation, and this one certainly does. The acting in general is pretty decent, especially given how tough it is for Anson Mount, who plays Black Bolt, king of the Inhumans, who cannot speak (well, sort of). He goes a little overboard with trying to make his face expressive, but it's only distracting a couple of times.

On the whole, I didn't dislike Marvel's Inhumans nearly as much as I thought I would based on other reviews I've read. It's certainly not the best MCU property out there by a long shot, but neither is it the worst. It's better than some seasons of Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., and depending on how the rest of the season shakes out, it might beat the second season of Marvel's Agent Carter. If they start to emphasize more just how weird the Inhuman civilization is, that'll be a good thing.

Assuming it doesn't veer into some awful place, I'll be watching the rest of the season. I'd give the first two episodes a solid C+, with the possibility for the whole to move into B- territory once the rest of the season airs.

And Lockjaw? He's a good boy, yes he is!

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Project Oasis now on sale!

Hey all!

Just a reminder that my post-apocalyptic RPG setting, Project Oasis, is on sale as part of OBS's Setting Sale. One third off is a pretty sweet deal!

For those who haven't heard of it, Project Oasis is my gonzo post-apocalyptic setting, written for Mutant Future and Apes Victorious, but usable with any old-school science fiction/science fantasy rules. It's got ape cultures, mutants ruled by giant brains in jars, militant pig-men empires, amazon realms, time bubbles with 21st century people trapped in a time just after the war, high-tech enclaves either trying to rule or save the world, and tons more.

Plus it comes with a huge map of post-apocalypse North America (here's just a snippet):

But hey, don't listen to me. Take a gander at James Mishler's review:
The upshot of the review is that this is the best PA campaign setting on the market today, if you are into the middle-era PA genre. If you aren’t, well, get on the bandwagon! The PA middle-genre provides you with all the action, adventure, seriousness, and wild and wacky wahoo you could ever want out of a PA setting, and this book distills it all down for you. Project Oasis plus Mutant Future and Apes Victorious can provide literally years of PA adventures. With Project Oasis Joseph Bloch has presented the PA gamer community with a PA campaign “Greyhawk Gazetteer” upon which to build and develop their own campaigns.

Project Oasis is a book I wish that I had written. And really, I can’t give it better kudos than that.

Five out of Five Stars
I am still blown away by that review (thanks, James!). Check out Project Oasis on sale here!

Monday, September 4, 2017

Quick Greyhawk 5th Edition Update

Real quick update on the 5E Greyhawk material.

The Greyhawk 576 Players Manual is very far along. Races, classes, backgrounds, feats, spells, and quick descriptions of the Lands of the Flanaess are done. 23 gods out of 70 are completed, 13 are mostly done, and the rest still need to be started. Factions are about halfway done.

The DM's Guide to Greyhawk 576 is in a much less complete state. 14 nations out of 63 are finished, the rest are mostly done. Geographical features, history, and climate are done, but weather, cosmology (both the crystal sphere and the planes) are not yet started. Magic items are about halfway done, but monsters and notable NPCs are also not yet started.

Back to the gods of Greyhawk I go!

I should also mention that the playtest is still going on, and new material is constantly being sent to the playtesters. If you'd like to participate, please email and I'll send you the NDA for you and your players to sign.

Saturday, August 26, 2017

Wizards of the Coast Survey

Hey all! Thought I'd boost the signal on the survey that Wizards of the Coast is running. In and amongst several other things, they ask about which settings folks would like to see 5E material for.

I thought that the readers of the Greyhawk Grognard blog might have an opinion on that. Ahem.

You can find the survey here:

Friday, August 11, 2017

Exciting News from Frank Mentzer!

Press Release:

Historic Dungeons & Dragons® Campaign Returns

Loxley, Madison WI, August 11 2017

Legendary game designer Frank Mentzer, famed for his worldwide version of the Dungeons & Dragons® game, has teamed with fiction author Ted Fauster to revisit one of the earliest known D&D® fantasy worlds. The game continues to be one of the most popular of all time, and Mentzer’s version is still available in fourteen languages, on every continent.

In 1981, Mentzer was given written permission from E. Gary Gygax (co-author of the original game in 1974) to establish and develop this little-known portion of Oerth, one of the game’s original settings. This new realm of Empyrea has a 40-year history (starting with simple materials from Judges Guild) and is still actively used. The artist Darlene, who painted Gary’s maps in his 1980 product, will create similar maps for this one. Other famous artists of that era -- including Caldwell, Dee, Diesel, Easley, Elmore, Holloway, Jaquays, and Otus -- are being invited to join the project.

Empyrea is on the mysterious and isolated continent of Aquaria, east of Gygax’s World of Greyhawk™ setting. Until now, knowledge of this portion of the world has remained largely a mystery, as the broad and dangerous Solnor ocean separates the two. The continent is briefly described in the Advanced D&D® adventure “Egg of the Phoenix” (Mentzer & Jaquays, TSR Inc., 1987).

“It’s time to share this Dungeons & Dragons® world with hobby gamers,” Mentzer says. “Unlike others, Gary approved this personally. Empyrea combines both traditional fantasy and science fiction elements. Magic is dominant, but technology lurks. And it’s one Realm… this isn’t a cluster of medieval city-states like Greyhawk.”

Author Ted Fauster has accepted the role of Creative Aide, which was Mentzer’s original title when he worked with Gygax at TSR in the 1980s.

Mentzer and Darlene will finance the set through crowdfunding, with support from Judges Guild. It will be compatible with the most recent Fifth Edition D&D® game (D&D 5E) as well as Mentzer’s own world-famous "Red Box" edition of the game.

An official start date for the Kickstarter will be announced shortly after the GenCon® 50 Game Convention in August.

For More Information, contact:

Loxley LLC
Fauster :
(Ownership of trademarks indicated is not disputed)

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Heironeous "the Invincible"

In yesterday's article about the evolution of how gods and clerics were treated in various editions, I used the Greyhawk deity Heironeous as an example, and promised a 5E treatment of him. And thus today's article.

To recap, the various editions waxed and waned with special powers, spells, and the like given to clerics based on their choice of patron deity. My solution for 5th edition D&D is to add a unique Divine Domain for each god in the various pantheons, following the same rules and general guidelines as the existing domains so as to not overpower things. Those domains give the following:

  • 2 spells each at spell levels 1-5 as "domain spells" which don't need to be prepared (but still cost a spell slot to cast). Domain spells can come from lists other than the normal cleric spell list, which gives me an entree into unique spells for various deities.
  • One Channel Divinity ability at 2nd level (the first is universally Turn Undead in the core rules, but I change that based on the deity involved).
  • Another Channel Divinity power at 2nd level unique to the domain.
  • Unique abilities at 1st, 6th, 8th, and 17th level. 

Here's how I apply the format of 5th edition Divine Domains to the example of Heironeous from yesterday. Obviously, not everyone is going to agree with my choices, which are entirely subjective (and as we say in the reconstructionist heathenry biz, "my brilliant intuitive synthesis of disparate sources into a single coherent expression is your blasphemous adulteration of the time-honored traditions of our ancestors;" in other words, your mileage may vary).

First, the Channel Divinity Turn Undead power. In FtA we're told that clerics of Heironeous turn undead at 2 levels below their actual level. So I tweak the Turn Undead ability and give undead advantage when saving when the cleric is 1st or 2nd level, and delay their ability to destroy undead by 2 levels.

Next, the domain spells. There are way more spells in the various products (and some of them way more powerful) than the standard domain template allows for. There are also a couple of powers I'd like to keep, but which seem far more appropriate as spells than powers. Finally, there are a few spells in there that just, to my mind, seem out of place for the god of chivalry, and which I wouldn't mind jettisoning.

I end up keeping 5 of the new spells (bolt of glory gets put back into its original place as a Channel Divinity power, rather than a spell), adding a brand-new one (shining blade of Heironeous, which replaces the shock blade/holy blade/brilliant blade power from 3.5), and pulling in a few paladin spells from 5th edition to round out the domain spell list.

Finally, for the domain powers, I take the armor and weapon proficiencies from various editions, the resistance to fear from 2E, the immunity to strength-draining magic from 2E, the bolt of glory from all editions, and the ability to cast holy word from 2E.

A special note on the bolt of glory power; it was an 11th level power in 1E and a 6th level spell in 2E and 3.5. But in the 5th edition framework, there's only a slot at 8th level and 17th. I opted to put it at 8th level, and knocked down the damage dice slightly to make up for the change.

So, with all that explanation (back in the day we used to call it "designer's notes"), here's my entry for Heironeous, in first draft form of how it will appear in my 5th Edition Player's Guide to Greyhawk 576, should it ever see the light of day. I invite you to envision a book that has an entry like this for 67 more lesser, greater, and demi-gods. (Note to anyone from Wizards of the Coast who might be reading this; the book's mostly written, as is the DM's Guide, if you'd like to save yourselves a buttload of work!)


Heironeous is the son of Stern Alia and brother of both the evil Hextor and the slain god of war Stratis. He is the Oeridian god of chivalry, justice, and honor. He dwells in the Seven Heavens, but visits Oerth often to assist the cause of lawful good. He loathes his brother Hextor, and the feeling is reciprocal; they, and their proxies and worshipers, will always seek to thwart the other. He is also an enemy of Erythnul and Kurell. He is an unflinching champion of law, but tempers this with an understanding of the importance of mercy.

Heironeous is depicted as tall with coppery skin, auburn hair, and eyes of amber hue. He wears a suit of enchanted chainmail with a very fine mesh. His copper skin was magically treated at his birth to deflect most weapons, whether they be enchanted or not. He can appear as a young boy, an old man, or a mercenary soldier, but will always have his enchanted mail suit. He wields a magical battle axe named Gloryaxe which can shift from its normal 5 foot length to but 3 inches, as he wills it.

Heironeous can hurl forth bolts of energy drawn directly from the positive material plane, which will do great harm to mortals and undead, as well as those creatures from the lower planes. He will sometimes manifest as a bolt of lightning, or wrap his followers in a cloak of bravery. He has been known to sprinkle entire military units with a coppery dust that improves morale and deflects fear-inducing magic. Those who displease him will find their weapons and armor rusting, or be subject to small (1 hp damage) electrical shocks.


Worshipers of Heironeous are common throughout the Flanaess, particularly among soldiers and others in military professions. They must be lawful neutral, lawful good, or neutral good. Temples and other shrines look like castles and are decorated in blue and silver, with stained glass windows showing the god victorious over some enemy (usually his brother Hextor). A statue of Heironeous made of copper, with seven silver bolts of energy radiating from the head, clad in silver mail with a silver axe, stands behind the altar. The Prelacy of Almor is ruled by the church of Heironeous, and they also lead the Knights of Holy Shielding, but his worshipers are found almost everywhere.


Heironeous’ clerics are warlike and aggressive, and always wear chain mail, with blue robes with silver trim. They must be of lawful neutral, lawful good, or neutral good alignment. They are very well-organized, with armories and logistical bases around the Flanaess, and an excellent communications system. The priesthood is organized as a military order, with older priests taking on the roles of teachers and strategists. Novitiates are called the Blessed, while priests are called Glorious (the priesthood as a whole is called the Valorous Host). Enchanted chain mail or battle axes are a sign of great favor within the faith.

Clerics of Heironeous have access to the war domain or the special domain of their deity. Those who choose the latter are called Gloryaxes.


Clerics of Heironeous do not turn undead as effectively as other priests might. From level 2-3, undead making saving throws against attempts to turn them have advantage. The ability to destroy undead doesn’t begin until 7th level, and then progresses as if the cleric were 2 levels lower than his actual level.



Cleric Level Spells
1st                  detect breath*, shining blade of Heironeous*
3rd                 shield of Heironeous*, vigilance*, 
5th                 bless missile*, glyph of warding
7th                 abstention*, staggering smite
9th                 banishing smite, destructive wave

* Indicates new spell.


When they choose this domain at 1st level, clerics of Heironeous are proficient in all armor and simple and martial weapons.


Also at 1st level, you get a +2 bonus to all saving throws and ability checks vs. fear.


Starting at 2nd level, you can use your Channel Divinity to increase your strength score by a number of points equal to your proficiency bonus. This will last for one hour, and can be done but once per long rest.


Starting at 6th level, you are immune to all magical and other effects which drain or otherwise lower your strength score, whether permanently or temporarily.


Starting at 8th level, you are able to summon a bolt of divine energy to smite your enemies. It has a range of 60 feet, and can affect one creature, which is entitled to a Dexterity saving throw; if successful it will only take half damage. The bolt does not count as magical for purposes of being dispelled, crossing anti-magic barriers, etc. The amount of damage depends on the home place of the target creature:

  • Upper planes, Positive energy plane: None
  • Astral plane, Ethereal plane: 6 (2d6)
  • Elemental planes, Plane of Shadow, Concordant Opposition, Mechanus, Limbo: 9 (3d6) hp damage
  • Material plane: 12 (4d6) hp damage
  • Lower planes and all undead: 24 (8d6) hp damage
  • Negative material plane: 42 (14d6) hp damage


Starting at 17th level, you can use the spell holy word once per long rest, without using a spell slot. The spell does not need to be prepared beforehand.

*** Begin sidebar ***

The world is full of peril, and life is ordeal for those who would protect the weak and innocent. Honor must be your watchword, and every word and deed must be directed at upholding justice, mercy, and chivalry, for these are the Three Virtues of Heironeous. Bravery and virtue must be your bywords, for the brave inspire the virtuous, and the virtuous inspire the brave. When danger beckons, courage and wisdom will be your greatest weapons, but never let down your guard, for it is in such times that evil will strike sixfold. – The Book of the Code

*** End sidebar ***

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Deity Evolution in D&D (and a brilliant idea for 5th edition!)

Deities have always held a weird sort of spot in D&D. On the one hand, since the veritable beginning of the game, they were pretty much treated like monsters. The Gods, Demigods, and Heroes supplement for the LBB version of the game basically treats them like more powerful demons. Ares is a 20th level fighter with 250 hp. Tim Kask's introduction says it's an attempt to showcase the absurdity of campaigns with 44th level fighters. I daresay it was taken more as a challenge, but the point is the gods depicted way back then were mostly generic. Almost no attention was paid to the worshipers of those gods, and the religion that, at least in theory, supported them.

AD&D was little different. Deities and Demigods (later Legends & Lore) was, ultimately, again just another Monster Manual. There was a little more meat on the bone in terms of clerics and the impact their choice of god had (now we see that the demi-/lesser/greater designation had teeth, in terms of how high the spells they could grant their clerics could go), but ultimately it was very minor. Oh, and we had the first mention of "avatars" of the gods, in the Indian Mythos section. That would become a staple of the way deities were approached going forward.

And then came the World of Greyhawk gold box set.

Here not only were the gods described much more completely than in earlier incarnations, but we start to see descriptions of what their worship services look like. We see what their clerics wear. And most importantly, we begin to see special powers and special non-clerical spells granted to clerics based on the deity they follow. They would pay a percentage penalty in terms of experience points in return for such special favors. 

That represented a sea change, and the game took off from there, in terms of specializing clerics relative to their patron deity. 

The Greyhawk Adventures book took things a step further and introduced specialty spells that were only available to clerics of certain deities. After that, the trend went on and on in that direction. AD&D 2nd Edition had kits, of course, but still laid out special powers and spells for followers of certain deities. The same with 3rd Edition. I confess I'm somewhat ignorant of 4th Edition, but 5th Edition picked up the thread with different Domains. Not quite the deity-specific tinkering that went on in 2nd edition, but it's definitely fertile ground, as we shall see later on.

It's also interesting to note that the list of deities that were written up in various books and editions varied somewhat. Some of them were always there, but there was a surprising amount of variation around the edges. 

As an example to demonstrate how the conceptions of the deities changed across editions and products, I'm going to follow the clerics of Heironeous. He is the Oeridian deity of chivalry and combat, and is one that always seems to get written up, for what are probably obvious reasons, from a game perspective.

AD&D 1st Edition (Gold Box): Starting at 11th level, clerics can cast forth a bolt of energy once per week. Damage varies by the home plane of the target, but it's pretty considerable (10d6 against creatures from the lower planes). This is the first inkling of special powers that are deity-specific. 

AD&D 2nd Edition (From the Ashes): There are defined spell spheres which are assigned to each deity, but they are fairly generic and are concerned only with spells that can be memorized. Specialty priests at 1st level get +2 to saves vs. fear, 4th level can cast cloak of bravery, 6th level are immune to strength-decreasing magic like ray of enfeeblement, and at 11th level can cast power word stun. They also get a new 6th level spell, bolt of glory, that does what the energy bolt in 1E did, but turn undead as if they were 2 levels lower than they are, because apparently Heironeous is more interested in killing living enemies than undead ones. Now we're getting into a lot of special stuff for clerics based on deities.

AD&D 2nd Edition (Bastion of Faith): Not only are there 15 (!) new spells that go all the way up to 7th level, but there are a bunch of special abilities for specialty clerics of Heironeous (called "Gloryaxes"). At 1st level they get CON bonuses as if they were fighters, get +2 on saves vs. fear, and can cast bless or courage or remove fear once per day; at 3rd level they can cast cloak of bravery or strength once per day; at 5th level they become immune to strength-decreasing magic (a change from before when that came at 6th level); at 7th level they get 3 attacks every 5 rounds; at 9th level they can cast dispel evil or negative plane protection once per day; at 11th level they can cast bolt of glory or power word stun once per day; at 13th level they get 2 attacks per round, and at 20th level they can cast holy word once per day. Whew! This is sort of the mother lode of extra stuff that's deity-specific, probably going way too far in the direction of detail (one reviewer apparently said it "gives the DM enough details to choke a horse". And that's not an incorrect assessment, IMNSHO.

Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 (Player's Handbook): Clerics have access to the domains of Good, Law, and War. This pulls back a lot of the deity-specific stuff, with more generic spell domains.

Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 (Complete Divine): Shining Blade of Heironeous prestige class for both cleric and paladin. At 1st level they get Shock Blade twice a day (adds 1d6 hp of electrical damage), at 5th level this turns into Holy Blade three times a day (adds 1d6 hp of electrical damage or 2d6 of bonus damage against evil creatures), and at 9th level it becomes Brilliant Blade usable six times per day (like the Holy Blade, but glows and can also pass through nonliving objects, including armor!). There are also two Heironeous-specific magic items (Helm of the Purple Plume and Sword of Virtue Beyond Reproach). Lots more stuff here, not cleric-specific, but might as well be, and the deity-specific magic items are a nice touch, reminiscent of the Hand and Eye of Vecna, or the Wand of Orcus, but not nearly as powerful.

Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 (Dragon Magazine 354): There was a nice lengthy article by Sean Reynolds going into the church of Heironeous. Much of it is background (I loathe the word "fluff" to describe such things), but there are a few things of mechanical interest to clerics; a new spell (Meersalm Skin, a 6th level spell linked to the Meersalm which is a magic item that provides resistance against weapons), it links the Invulnerable Coat of Arnd to Heironeous, and brings in some of the material from Bastion of Faith and 2E (like some of the deity-specific spells).

I'm sure there are other products that give some details about Heironeous' clerics that I'm missing, but I'm also pretty sure there wasn't anything in 4E about him (I might very well be wrong - I never got into 4E at all). But I think the above gives the picture. We start to see inklings of deity-specific cleric stuff in 1E, 2E took the ball and ran with it (to the point of excess), 3.5 kept the basic idea but dialed it back, and then started its own expansion of the concept. 4E... I'm not really sure.

And all this brings us to today, where 5th edition doesn't have anything that is deity-specific in terms of powers, but does present different Divine Domains that function somewhat like the spell spheres of 2nd edition and the domains of 3.5, but in addition to providing 10 spells that don't need to be prepared (two at each level 1-5, and which can be from outside the normal clerical spell list), there are three unique powers gained at 1st (the Channel Divinity power of turning undead and two others specific to the domain), 2nd, 6th, 8th, and 17th. Each cleric has to choose a domain, and different deities have different domains assigned to them.

Now, here's where my brilliant idea comes in.

I posit that, in addition to the "standard" Divine Domains that are shared between clerics of different deities, each god also has a special domain that is unique to it, that clerics could also choose. That domain would follow the same rules as the more generic domains, but would be available only to clerics of that deity.

So, a cleric of Heironeous who chose the special domain of his god would have 10 unique spells (or unique plus other-class spells), and special abilities that come in at levels 1, 2, 6, 8, and 17. Just like any other domain.

TOMORROW - My brilliant idea in action. A 5th Edition Divine Domain specifically for clerics of Heironeous. Part of my Player's Guide to Greyhawk 576, for 5th edition, I should add...

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

A Tale of Great Customer Service

About two weeks ago, I noticed something strange about my 5th Edition Player's Handbook.

The pages were coming out of the book.

That is, the glue that connected them to the spine of the book seemed to be losing its strength, and whole chunks of pages were coming loose. Naturally, this makes the book rather difficult to use.

Sort of makes me nostalgic for the 2E Monstrous Compendium, in a way...
So I went onto the official 5th Edition page on Facebook to see if anyone else had had this problem. Indeed, it seemed that it was a known issue for the first printing of the book, and I was advised to contact the customer support folks at WotC to request a replacement.

Mm-hmm. I'd gone down this road before with different game companies, and I wasn't sanguine about the chances. Nonetheless, I took a photo of the damage and opened a support ticket on July 20th, with low expectations.

Two days later (on a Saturday night!) I got a reply, asking for a photo of page 2, so they could confirm which printing it was. Fine, no problem. I dutifully sent it in.

And that's when it started.

I started getting some of the best, "in character" customer support messages I'd ever gotten. And a lot of them, to keep me fully up to speed on the progress of my ticket. I have no idea if they were writing these on the fly, or if they have a set script of them handy for this issue that apparently affected a lot of people, but I've got to say it was really neat to start getting them. Here are some samples:
I am sorry to hear that the hated Blackguards have sabotaged your Handbook with their black magicks! Does their cruelty and hatred for Players know no bounds?? Of course, we will be happy to assist you with a replacement, free of charge. We must have our noble allies fighting against the forces of darkness with all haste!
I have informed the benevolent clerics of Product Replacement of this issue; they will finalize the replacement order spells for your new book. Though we shall face many dangers in doing so, we shall arrange for your new Player's Handbook to arrive to you in the coming days. The agents of Bane shall not stop our efforts to serve you!
We offer thanks to Oghma for your patience! We've reviewed the runic markings in your images and determined that they align with a specific binding glyph that's been deemed too unstable for our purposes. It's safe to say you can expect continued unraveling as arcane powers rejoin the ambient mana in the atmosphere.
Not to worry - I've gone ahead and set up a replacement order from our stock of properly warded and rune-bound tomes. It should be shipping out soon, so be on the look out over the next few weeks!
As the wards have already begun to fail, I fear shipping might sever the corporeal bonds holding the bound magic entirely. While normally our Order's archivists would request the pages be returned for safe decommission, in this case, we'd simply ask that you get what use you can out of them before they dematerialize entirely. 
Every day or two there was something, and lo! and behold, just ten days later, my replacement book arrived today. Free.

Gotta say, pre-scripted or not, they managed to acknowledge the problem, explain the issue, and keep me informed of every step of the process continually, so I was never in limbo as to the status of my ticket. And they did so in a very entertaining manner, showing that the folks over there are willing to have some fun with what could be a tedious and potentially volatile customer service issue.

That's some first-class service, folks. Thanks to Kirsten M., Adam E., and Noah M. for making this as good a customer service experience as I could have hoped for, and far better than some I've gotten in the gaming world. Kudos!

Friday, July 28, 2017

More on Eclavdra's Motives

Recently I've been going through some of the motives for the machinations at the heart of the Giants/Drow modules (originally G1-3, D1-3, and Q1, republished as GDQ1-7). A correspondent had asked something about my analysis, and that prompted me to look at the primary sources, and I noticed something very odd indeed.

The section that described Eclavdra's motives is missing from G3, but it was added into GDQ1-7.

Here's what the passage looks like in G3 Hall of the Fire Giant King, that describes the PCs finding the map of the underworld that eventually leads them to Erelhei-Cinlu:
If your players have enjoyed these scenarios - or simple this single scenario - and you intend to continue it with the balance of the modules which follow #G3, their party will find an adamantite tube when they search area 20, a scroll, and a map accidentally (?) dropped by one of the fleeing noble Drow. The scroll contains a wish spell. The map is a continuation of the Drow escape route, showing a vast maze of passages on a large scale.
Okay, so the originally-published version lays a slight hint with that parenthetical question mark, but leaves it at that. But behold the equivalent passage in GDQ1-7 Queen of the Spiders:
The characters will discover in searching area 20 an adamantine tube worth 200 gp, containing a scroll of one spell (wish) and the players' map of the Depths of the drow. This tube has been left behind by Viconia so that, in the event Ecalvdra's scheme is foiled and the ruler of house Eilserv is slain, the attackers will be aware of the existence of the drow homeland and, it is hoped, launch an attack against Eilserv's rival factions.
Lolth's Mighty Mandibles! That's one hell of a change.

* * *

And as an aside, it has literally taken me 31 years to realize that the reason that PCs might think their ultimate objective is to confront Lolth (rather than the Eilservs who serve the Elder Elemental God, who is Lolth's rival) is that the name of the reissued module IS FRIGGING QUEEN OF THE SPIDERS. Of course they think Lolth is the Big Bad. The very title of the module is a meta-misdirection!

To quote the 12th Doctor, "You know what really bothers me about the completely obvious? MISSING IT!"

But I digress.

* * *

Knowing that Eclavdra (or Viconia) has deliberately set the rest of the Drow noble houses up to be trashed by the PCs who were strong enough to take out three giant strongholds, really changes how one might look at the whole D1-3 series. Imagine an expedition of PCs that is subtly being (mis)guided by the forces of House Eilserv. Once they reach the Vault, and certainly when they are in the city, House Eilserv would be subtly maneuvering them and helping them to take out their rivals among the Lolth-worshipers.

That makes perfect sense. Remember that the whole motive for House Eilserv to switch from Lolth to the Elder Elemental God was to gain control over the Vault. And the whole point of the hill/frost/fire giant uprising was to gain enough power above ground to be able to rule below. So what do you do when confronted with a force that is strong enough to defeat your proxies? Aim it at your enemies.

Remember what I wrote a couple of weeks ago, when I was contemplating the implications of a possible D4 module that would give the PCs a way to figure out what was going on?
The PCs somehow become aware that Lolth's egg has the keys to the prison of the EEG, and go out of their way to kill her material form in order to grab it and travel to the Abyss to shut the interdimensional crack that has allowed it to manifest on Oerth.
Now that we know that House Eilserv (who worship the EEG) has deliberately drawn the PCs to the Vault to assist with exterminating their enemies (who worship Lolth), the implications become clear. It would be House Eilserv who carefully feeds the PCs the incriminating evidence that points to the Lolth-worshipers as the source of the giant troubles on the surface.

It would have to be done carefully, so that the PCs don't know they're being used as dupes, but it does give a much clearer answer as to how the PCs are being fed all the information about Lolth and the egg. And the kicker? It gives a reason why the PCs would "accidentally" free the Elder Elemental God. Because that's where the Eilserv information led them. So once (if) they figured that out, they'd need to thread the needle to thwart both the Eilserv's indirect attempt to free their god, and Lolth into the bargain.

Ah, yes. It's all falling into place now.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

The Sundered Empire

Many moons ago, WotC published a remake of Chainmail, the venerable antecedent of D&D, as a modern miniatures wargame with several factions fighting for control of the panoply of the dead god of war. The setting for the game was called The Sundered Empire, and was deemed canonically to be placed on the far western shore of Oerik!

So naturally when I was doing my Beyond the Flanaess maps, I had to take a stab at it. Since the compilation map of Zindia a few days ago was so popular, I figured I'd try the same with some other major places on Oerth. So here we have the Sundered Empire:

Click to embiggen
Wherever the Chainmail game, its supplements, or the wonderful series of Dragon magazine articles that went into more detail about the setting, named a place or a feature, I used that. But to fill in the gaps I had to use my imagination.

According to the Beyond the Flanaess map in Dragon Annual #1, Heward remarks to Mordenkainen that the center of this region is called the Kingdoms of the Marches, "A temperate land filled with princely states. Perhaps another land colonized by seafarers from across the Solnor." "Princely states" is a way of saying small but independent lands, which is how I characterized what Chainmail would later call "the Disputed Regions;" small petty kingdoms and other free states caught between the major powers on all sides. The second part refers to a possible origin by explorers from the Flanaess, which would be on the other side of the Solnor Ocean.

DA#1's map lists that wooded peninsula as Elven Lands, and the wooded region southwest of there as "The Elvanian Forest". This tracks well with the elven Empire of Ravena in Chainmail.

Considering I did these more than five years ago (!) I think they still hold up pretty well, although I might go through and redo the lot of them to add some more stuff to fill in some empty spaces I don't particularly like. But on the whole, I'm pretty pleased.

Friday, July 21, 2017

Christmas in July sale!

OneBookShelf is running its annual "Christmas in July" sale, and naturally BRW Games is participating. That means you can get everything in the BRW catalog at deep discounts:

Click here to see the whole kit and kaboodle.

What's that? You want specifics? Well, roll these around your brain and see if it doesn't scream BUY ME!!!

The original Castle of the Mad Archmage, in print, no less, for under $45. Yes, that includes both print and pdf! Seriously, you could literally spend years with your players in this dungeon. 13+ levels, thousands of encounter areas, new monsters, new magic, the thing is effing HUGE.

Not enough? How about this...

The Adventures Dark and Deep core rulebooks and DM's screen, for under $100. Yes, again, that's both print and pdf! What is it? Why, it's 1E meets Gygax's original plans for the next version of the game. Start with the 1E rules, streamline the stuff that needs streamlining, add new classes and spells and monsters and magic, and off we go! If you liked Unearthed Arcana, you'll love Adventures Dark and Deep.

Plus there's a whole bunch of other stuff also on sale; expansion modules, adventures, my take on a fantasy China expansion rulebook (all completely compatible with most Advanced RPGs... ahem).

So head on over and check out the sale! I wrote most of it, but honestly, it's a really good deal, and stuff you'll get a ton of use out of for years.

Monday, July 17, 2017

Cthulhu Wars: Reviews and How to Play Videos

Now that the Cthulhu Wars Onslaught 3 Kickstarter is on its malevolent way (and met its goal within an hour or two of launching!), I thought it might be interesting to show off the game itself, with a few videos from various folks.

First, we have a short and sweet "how to play" video from the designer of the game himself, Sandy Peterson, sporting some very fetching suspenders:

Next up, Drive Thru Review has a nice review of the original game that doubles as a play-through video:

Here JBs Total Gaming asks the musical question, Should you buy Cthulhu Wars? (Spoiler alert: the answer is yes.)

And last but not least, Blue Table Painting has taken some of the figures and given them some really awesome paint jobs, to give you a sense of what one can do with them. That's where I think this could really pay for itself, even if you don't ever end up playing the game (but I think you will; as the above videos show, it's pretty easy, quick, and fun).


Disclosure: I was sent a bag of Cthulhu Wars figures to use in helping boost the Onslaught Three Kickstarter (you'll see them soon). I paid for the first Kickstarter and Onslaught Two myself, however, and will pay for Onslaught 3 when it launches Monday.

Cthulhu Wars Onslaught 3 Kickstarter Now Live

Hey all! I'll have a bigger CW themed post coming up later today, but I wanted to give a quick notice that the Onslaught 3 Kickstarter just went live. Please head on over there and check it out (especially check out the awesome minis!).


Disclosure: I was sent a bag of Cthulhu Wars figures to use in helping boost the Onslaught Three Kickstarter (you'll see them soon). I paid for the first Kickstarter and Onslaught Two myself, however, and will pay for Onslaught 3 when it launches Monday.

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Game Industry Interview: Arthur Petersen

Following up on my interview with Ed Healy, I am pleased to present another behind-the-scenes interview with someone responsible for bringing Cthulhu Wars to life; Arthur Petersen, Project Director for Petersen Games.

As the previous interview, I wanted to get some behind-the-curtain sort of stuff, this time focusing on production itself.

Reminder that Onslaught 3 for Cthulhu Wars will go live on Monday morning; this weekend I'll be doing a series of posts to whet everyone's appetites for this wonderful game and it's unworldly terrific miniatures.

Q: Can you give a quick definition of what a Project Director does?

A: Sure. At Petersen Games it mostly means making sure Sandy’s ideas for a game become reality. Making a tabletop game includes so many parts – from design and playtesting, to art and miniature sculpting, game layout and marketing, all the way to manufacturing and shipping. I coordinate the diverse parts and oversee the teams who put it all together. Of course, because we are fairly small (only 6 total, including employees/owners), it also means for me being heavily involved in some of those parts. For example, I double as the entire “manufacturing” team at Petersen Games – directly working with our factories and handling everything that has to do with the physical creation of the game itself.

Q: What sort of logistical challenges do you think are unique to a large board game type KS campaign like Cthulhu Wars, as opposed to a smaller board game or RPG?

A: Logistical complication is mostly determined by the array of products and product combinations sold. For example, we sort of shot ourselves in the foot with our previous Cthulhu Wars campaign (Onslaught Two) by offering over 50 unique products, and then going further and allowing a full a la carte selection. Out of around 5,000 backers there were over 2,500 unique combinations of rewards! That meant the “pick and pack” job – the sorting of each reward in our fulfillment warehouses took longer than it would have if most backers got the same bundle of products. Another issue with logistics for the sorts of games we do is the weight – no one likes to pay a lot for shipping. But when you are sending rewards that way over 50 lbs., well, someone has to pay it!

Q: Other than the well-known issue of Chinese New Year (which I see you actually included in your project plan timeline), what sort of special considerations do you have to make when dealing with China-based manufacturing?

A: One of the biggest hurdles is communication. While most factories (and all factory brokers) employ someone who can speak English, it’s rarely perfect. Sometime I just have to ask our art director to make a quick image or diagram of what I need to communicate about some manufacturing issue. Their response for something will tell me they didn’t understand me, so I use pictures, basically. And sometimes they have to respond with pictures. Much of the time, however, with a detailed spec sheet it’s clear to both sides what’s going on. Other than communication, my main advice to anyone getting into Chinese manufacturing is to provide PERFECT specs when you want a quote for pricing.

Arthur Petersen (left)
Q: What's the biggest challenge when it comes to producing larger projects like Cthulhu Wars?

A: That’s hard to answer. If you ask Sandy, he’ll probably say the playtest time or getting the sculpts done faster. If you ask our business manager, he’ll say trying to get the cost down, since our big figures and products mean our margins can suck, even when we charge seemingly high prices. As for me, it’s changed over the years. What was most difficult for the first Cthulhu Wars KS was not the most challenging for O2, and I bet it will be different for this new one. Frankly, any answer I give will probably be a reflection of where I am as I learn to manage our teams, as opposed to something specific for Cthulhu Wars.

Q: How has the production process changed from the original game to today, where you're about to start the third Kickstarter campaign in the series?

A: Let me answer with a story. Cthulhu Wars has, as you may know, 6 Acolyte Cultists figures per faction, as well as 2 little markers (for Doom and Power respectively) per faction. Well, when you create steel molds for the plastic pieces (via a process called tooling), you can make several identical cavities to make more than one of the same piece at a time. Because we had never made a game before, we didn’t really micro-manage the tooling process like we do today. The factory unfortunately made a steel mold that contained 2 cavities for the cultists, and 2 cavities for the doom/power markers. This meant that with each pressing of the mold in a given color of plastic, 2 cultists AND 2 doom/power markers popped out. But, if you recall that you need 6 cultists and 2 markers, which is a ratio of 3 to 1, this meant that we had 3 times as many markers as we needed. They’re still in China somewhere, probably in a land fill at this point. It was a waste of plastic that WE had to pay for via the factory charging us 3x the cost to make the markers than we should have. We only learned this when I flew to China and then shortly switched factories (who modified the steel molds at great cost to us). Now, we make them all in appropriate quantities for better cost efficiency. That was a little longer than I meant to take, but the bottom line is that now we manage our production on all fronts much more carefully. Now I wish I had told a sculpting story – we’ve learned a lot in terms of sculpting too!

Q: In regards to Kickstarter, does using KS to launch a game or group of supplements change the production process? If so, how?

A: I’m not sure how to answer this – I’ve only ever worked on games that were funded by Kickstarter, but I’ll do my best. The main consideration I’d suspect, as compared to direct to market products, is that we are beholden to our backers. When dealing with a massive game product line like Cthulhu Wars, so many things can be delayed. And what usually happens is that a bunch of little delays (in playtesting, editing, art, sculpting, tooling, manufacturing, shipping), etc. all add up together to create what seems to the backers as one BIG delay. We experienced this with our Orcs Must Die! boardgame in which every part seemed to take longer than we hoped, but none of the segments of the development cycle, on its own, was really delayed. Yet, their sum total pushed us back nearly a year! Backers obviously hate waiting one day longer than when we promised the delivery would be!

Q: How does the figure sculpting process work? How far in advance do you need to begin before you have a finished figure in hand?

A: First, Sandy develops a style guide for the model, with descriptions, explanations and reference art (from the internet or wherever), and provides this guide to the concept artist. Second, the concept artist draws a front and back, black and white illustration to Sandy’s specification. This is often a back and forth process with Sandy and the artist to make sure it’s exactly as Sandy envisioned; it takes about a week or two to lock down per concept. Once we have the final concept, I provide it to the sculptor. We now use 3D sculpting, which means revisions and review can be done with a quicker turnaround  (although the full time to sculpt is about the same – roughly 4-5 weeks for most sculptors, unless the figure is REALLY big; Dire Cthulhu took 8 weeks, and the Bloated Woman took a full 9 weeks to make!). Our average sculpt on Cthulhu Wars O3 took 5.2 weeks to do, including feedback and revisions. Once we have the final sculpt, we need to confirm its size is correct, and then it’s done! Make some turntables and show it off on our Kickstarter and social media!

Q: To what extent does the game design itself influence the physical design and production aspects of bringing the game to life?

A: This isn’t a direct answer to your question, but we always like our sculpts to seem in motion – action poses for the most part. Not every time, but you’ll notice that our models seem to mostly be doing something, or about to do something, rather than just sitting there. The Dark Young’s tentacles are moving around with mouth agape, in a howl, for example. This, I think, is an extension of Sandy making dynamic games – he never would want the pieces to seem static when the game will be fast moving.

Q: What advice would you give to aspiring game designers, from a production design perspective?

A: In a few words, I would say to understand that there are a great many ways to reproduce a similar game mechanic or experience with different physical pieces. Play around with what is possible physically – switch tokens for dice, and miniatures for cards. Be creative with what you want your components to be. It may seem counter intuitive, but if you look at Cthulhu Wars, one thing you’ll notice is a relative dearth of non-plastic pieces. Sure, the map is big, and you have Faction Cards and Spellbooks, but that’s about it. It’s almost the exact opposite of many games that just have oodles and oodles of little tokens to represent various gamestates. Cthulhu Wars, for example, achieves an amazing amount of depth and unique ability interaction without resorting to “poison” counters, or whatnot. Of course, game styles vary considerably, but my point is that you could imagine Cthulhu Wars done entirely different with a zillion other pieces. Instead, Sandy wanted the focus to be on the miniatures, so there’s PLENTY of those, with a minimum of other things. Fit YOUR game’s physical pieces to how you want the game experience to be!


Disclosure: I was sent a bag of Cthulhu Wars figures to use in helping boost the Onslaught Three Kickstarter (you'll see them soon). I paid for the first Kickstarter and Onslaught Two myself, however, and will pay for Onslaught 3 when it launches Monday.

Friday, July 14, 2017

Game Industry Interview: Ed Healy

When Cthulhu Wars from Peterson Games first Kickstarted a few years ago, I was all over it. Not only is it a fun strategy board game in and of itself, but it's got a theme I really enjoy (Lovecraft), and the figures are absolutely amazing (and conveniently work with 25/28mm scale figures - more on that later). There was a subsequent Onslaught Two Kickstarter that just delivered a ton of new factions and add-ons for the original game (on which I was all over as well), and the latest, Onslaught Three, is about to go live on Monday morning.

So when the good folks behind Cthulhu Wars sent out a call for folks who might be interested in helping promote the latest Kickstarter, I threw my hat into the ring. So, following on the heels of my Lovecraft in Greyhawk post the other day, we're going to start off with an interview with Ed Healy of Gamerati, who is managing the Kickstarter. 

I thought it would be interesting to take the opportunity to drill into some of the mechanics of the game industry behind the curtain, and Mr. Healy was more than accommodating. This particular interview was heavy on the Kickstarter aspect of the project, but tomorrow we'll see another with some insights about the production side. Enjoy!

Ed Healy
Q: How many Kickstarters have you successfully managed so far?

A: I stopped counting about a year ago, so my numbers aren't going to be 100% accurate. That said, as of July 2016, we'd helped publishers raise over $51 million dollars across over 300 projects. This includes varying amounts of advertising, PR, content marketing, strategic planning and tactical management - some more than others. We run, soup to nuts, 29 campaigns.

Q: What was your first Kickstarter? What sorts of lessons did you learn in that experience that you have applied in later campaigns?

A: We helped Erik Bauer from Gaming Paper with the Gaming Paper Adventure project back in 2010, providing advertising, PR and content marketing:

In those days, crowdfunding was very different, so I'm not sure the lessons directly apply. It was more like the Open Design projects Wolfgang Baur ran in the 2000s, where the community was helping a creator get an idea off the ground. The first big lesson I learned was on the Lamentation of the Flame Princess Hardcover and Adventures IndieGoGo Project. Namely, that it helps when the people working on your product also have communities of their own to help increase your exposure. This is still true. I love it when an artist has 20,000 followers on Instagram or a game designer has fans on BGG. It shows they probably know how to self-promote, and you can never have too much help promoting a project.

Q: What sort of logistical challenges do you think are unique to a large board game type KS campaign like Cthulhu Wars?

A: Shipping. Hands down. It's the most complex and terrifying aspect of crowdfunding projects. If you are only serving the USA, there are still dozens of potential shipping solutions. Add in the rest of the world and you have Customs, import duties, VAT... Shipping was one of the main reasons I killed our Loot program a number of years ago. Now, of course, we have a warehouse and 5 more years of experience. I can't imagine launching a project that explodes without having someone on my team that understands shipping. You may recall, the original Cthulhu Wars project launched that way and Sandy Petersen mortgaged his home in order to pay all the costs they didn't plan for.

Q: Other than the well-known issue of Chinese New Year (which I see you actually included in your project plan timeline), what sort of special considerations do you have to make when dealing with China-based manufacturing?

A: Language. Most decent manufacturers have some English-language representation. However, just because someone speaks conversational English doesn't mean you are completely understanding each other. Americans, in particular, have different assumptions about accuracy and timelines. Don't accept "no problem" or "okay" as answers. Yes and No are really the only thing I bank on. In writing.

Accuracy. I know I mentioned it, above, but check your math. Check your math on costs, on box dimensions and on product weights. Then check again. I have yet to work on a campaign for a game manufactured in China where there wan't at last a half-dozen errors.

Customs. It's not always an issue, but Customs can hold up delivery of your project by weeks. When we fulfilled the Cthulhu Wars Onslaught 2 project, much of the product was stuck in American and German Customs for more than a month.

Q: Approximately how long is your planning phase when doing a KS campaign on the same scale of a Cthulhu Wars? What goes into that planning phase?

A: If I had my way, I would have a finished "China Ready" prototype 18 months before launching a project. Sadly, I rarely do. 

Most planning phases are short - days or weeks, long. For Cthulhu Wars Onslaught 3, the whole team flew to Texas and we hammered out all the main details in two days - product mix (SKUs), backer rewards and stretch goals.

After that, though, comes preparation - getting demo copies to press and maintaining media relationships, getting any additional art commissions in that are missing, working with the graphic designer to get the campaign graphics and marketing materials (ads, etc) ready.

That's really the hard part - because, no matter what you do, someone always wants to change something during the planning phase. Usually 3 minutes before the project goes live!

Q: How do you determine stretch goals and pledge levels?

A: There's a bit of art in there, but generally speaking:

(1) If it's part of the core experience for the game, it's not a Stretch Goal. It belongs in the initial offering.

(2) As much as possible, have goals that everyone can benefit from.

(3) Adding new game play content (RPG encounters or NPCs / new strategy game units or models) is always superior to 'bling' when it comes to Stretch Goals.

(4) Stretch Goal Pricing: Cost to product one unit of 'the thing' x 10 x number of expected backers = Minimum Stretch Goal ask.

(5) It's better to run out of Stretch Goals and drop the mic at the end than to have a dozen left over that people know you didn't make it to.

(6) Higher pledge levels should build off lower levels in some way. For instance, if they are at some premium $400 level, make sure they get everything the 'normal backers' get.

(7) Digital rewards, if possible, rock. They cost nothing to ship!

(8) If you have multiple similar products (RPG modules or faction expansions), have backers at one of your lower pledge levels get only one, so people can debate which one(s) the like best. Of course, use your Stretch Goals to encourage them to upgrade to those higher tiers where they get 'all the things'.

(9) Tshirts are a bad idea. Never do tshirts.

(10) Variants make great Stretch Goals - foil cards, promos with variant art, Glow in the Dark Cthulhu!

Q: Do you think having stretch goals actually encourages people to increase their pledges, or to pledge when they might not ordinarily do so? Or are stretch goals something that are almost expected in a KS campaign nowadays?

A: Stretch Goals give you something to talk about. You get the benefit of highlighting some aspect of the game in your update about the Stretch Goal, and you have something new to post to social media - something your community can reshare to boost your signal.

When Stretch Goals are done right, they absolutely put pressure on some backers to increase their pledges. Let's say, at the beginning of a campaign, you can get the SMECHS RPG Core Rules for $50 or you can pay $100 for everything - everything, at the start, being the core rules and the monster manual. Now lets say that you have 15 Stretch Goals that include new types of Smurfs and new types of Mechs - and every $100 backer gets those PDFs ($5.00 MSRP each) for free. For someone that really likes the idea of a Smurfs / Mechs mashup RPG, they'll quickly feel the pressure to upgrade from $50 to $100 to get all the extra content.

Q: Do you have any advice for someone just starting on their first KS campaign?

A: Rule #1: Nothing beats making a good product. You can sell crap in a nice package once, but then you're done. Do it right, from the start.

Rule #2: Be patient. Playtest. Edit. Then playtest 100 more times.Then edit a couple more times. You're making a samurai sword, not a billy club.

Rule #3: Start building your community _while_ you're making the game.

Rule #4: Advertising = Marketing ≠ Advertising (You can't just buy some ads and think you've done marketing.)

Rule #5: It's easier to sell a product when you're telling a story, instead of selling a product.

Rule #6: Everything will be twice as expensive and take three times longer than you think it will.

Rule #7: It's Good to be a Gamer


Disclosure: I was sent a bag of Cthulhu Wars figures to use in helping boost the Onslaught Three Kickstarter (you'll see them soon). I paid for the first Kickstarter and Onslaught Two myself, however, and will pay for Onslaught 3 when it launches Monday.

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Lolth in "Vault of the Drow"

Over on the G+ Greyhawk group, William Tiller asked a great question. I was going to answer there, but it got a little long, so I figured I'd post it here. He asked:
Why are the PCs going after Lolth? I know why they go after Eclavdra- she is trying to take over the surface world. But as far I can tell from reading it there is no reason to attack the Fane of Lolth and go after Lolth herself on the Abyss. Or did I miss something?
And he's exactly right. I discussed this module many years ago (Hextor's Balls! Nine years ago - have I really been doing this blog that long?!), but I didn't stress this particular point enough, and I think it's worth calling attention to.

First off, Tiller is entirely right to say that the PCs' goal should be the destruction of Eclavdra and House Eilservs, who abandoned the worship of the spider-demon Lolth for the Elder Elemental God when their aspirations to rule all the drow were thwarted. They're the ones who have been behind the hill, frost, and fire giant raids, but it's interesting to see that the motive isn't really spelled out until this module, and even then it's just sort of buried on page 18 (emphasis added):
The Eilservs have long seen a need for an absolute monarch to rule the Vault, and as the noble house of first precedence, they have reasoned that their mistress should be Queen of All Drow. When this was proposed, the priestesses of Lolth supported the other noble families aligned against the Eilservs, fearing that such a change would abolish their position as the final authority over all disputes and actions of the Dark Elves. Thereafter, the Eilservs and their followers turned away from the demoness and proclaimed their deity to be an Elder Elemental God (see MODULE G1-2-3). Although there is no open warfare, there is much hatred, and both factions seek to destroy each other.  An attempt to move worship of their deity into the upper world, establish a puppet kingdom there, and grow so powerful from this success that their demands for absolute rulership no longer be thwarted, was ruined of late, and the family is now retrenching.
That's one thing about this whole series of modules (G1-Q1); the whole plot and setup is never spelled out for the DM, requiring an exceedingly close reading to suss out all the details and bring the whole to life.

Now here's where Tiller's question comes in. If the real enemy is the Eilservs house, and they worship the Elder Elemental God who is a rival to Lolth, why the heck are the PCs seemingly expected to attack the Fane of Lolth? Shouldn't they be on the side of the anti-Eilservs?

There are three possible answers.
  1. The PCs aren't aware of the split between the Lolth-worshiping drow and the EEG-worshiping drow, and just assume Lolth is behind everything. Honestly, this is probably the case for at least some parties playing through the adventure series.
  2. The PCs are aware of the split, and approach the Lolth-worshipers in an attempt to ally themselves with them to take out the Eilservs and the other EEG-worshiping factions that are causing trouble on the surface. That would definitely take some mithril balls on the part of the PCs, but I could definitely see it happening.
  3. The PCs somehow become aware that Lolth's egg has the keys to the prison of the EEG, and go out of their way to kill her material form in order to grab it and travel to the Abyss to shut the interdimensional crack that has allowed it to manifest on Oerth.
Truth to tell, I think the answer is "all of the above," and the details about Lolth and the Fane were included for the sake of completeness, but I think the most intriguing possibility lies in the Q1-that-never-was.

I've discussed the connection between the Elder Elemental God and the Temple of Elemental Evil at length in the past (particularly here and here), and it seems relevant here as well. In the original conception for Q1, according to Gygax:
Q: At the end of D3, the party can end up with the "egg". "In the egg are an iron pyramid, a silver sphere, a bronze star of eight points, and a cube of pale blue crystal." [Great Fane of Lolth, Dungeon Level, Room 5.] The pyramid, sphere, eight-pointed star, and cube evolved into the triangle, circle, eight-pointed star, and square from the ToEE correct [see p.108 of ToEE]? Did you intend the items in the egg to be associated with the elements as they turned out being in the ToEE?
A: When I wrote an adventure I always tried to put in a few disguised hooks for later exploitation, or not, as the creative muse moved me.
As you note, the shapes were repeated in the ToEE as I did intend to tie the latter into the series. Lolth was to be connected to the temple, she the key to activation of that which would remove the imprisoning bonds from the Elder Elemental God. Of course that would have been by unintended consequences of her actions when the PCs discovered her.
How it was all to operate was something I never did get fleshed out. This was to happen in the lower levels of the temple, the development of which I never got around to because of my work out on the West Coast. (EnWorld Q&A part III)
In the Queen of the Demonweb Pits module as it ended up being written, the weird objects in the egg ended up being nothing more than a means to teleport from one level of the web to another (and a superfluous one at that). Ah, but in the original concept, those items in the egg were going to be keys to the prison of the Elder Elemental God, which the PCs could either release by accident or close off the breach in its prison that allowed it to aid the Eilservs:
I had what I consider a much more interesting plan for the conclusion of the G-D series, one in which the PC party could loose the Elder Elemental god or send him into deeper isolation, thus assisting Lolth to become more powerful. By very astute play, they could have thwarted the designs of both evil entities. The Demonweb Pits were indeed envisioned as maze like, but there were to be no machines therein. (EnWorld Q&A part I)
I can't say for sure, but I strongly suspect that's the reason for the inclusion of all the details about the Fane of Lolth and the Demon Queen of Spiders herself. If the PCs really wanted to take out the threat behind the giant uprisings forever, they could use the keys hidden in the egg to finally end the Elder Elemental God's influence once and for all. If these are the same PCs that went through the Temple of Elemental Evil (as I am convinced it was originally intended to be run, which includes a link to the EEG), and thus had previous experience with it, that would make all kinds of sense.

Just as we (including the DM!) don't learn the true motivation behind the giant uprising until Vault of the Drow, so too would we not learn the real means to end the threat until Queen of the Demonweb Pits. Unfortunately, that version of the module never got published, and so all those lovely hints that were scattered throughout Vault of the Drow were never realized in their fullest form.

But let's rewind just a second and consider the implications of what I wrote above:
The PCs somehow become aware that Lolth's egg has the keys to the prison of the EEG, and go out of their way to kill her material form in order to grab it and travel to the Abyss to shut the interdimensional crack that has allowed it to manifest on Oerth.
Just effing imagine the implications of that!

Not only would the PCs have to have some sort of way of learning all that backstory about the EEG, but they'd also have to learn that Lolth has the keys hidden in the egg that only manifests if she is slain. And then figure out a way to make it happen, before they ever make it to the Demonweb Pits themselves.

Ehlonna's tits! What an adventure that would make, just in and of itself! I can envision a whole new module, perhaps a D4, set up as an urban adventure in Erelhei-Cinlu, where the PCs need to navigate through the treacherous city to track down all the pieces to the puzzle. First they'd have to find and engage with the enemies of the EEG to find out what its weakness is, and then find and engage with the enemies of Lolth to figure out how to get to the egg. There's a balancing act that would require world-class play, right there, going through dives and dens of iniquity to find contacts, then maybe dealing with drow sages and renegades, all the while trying to evade the forces of both Lolth and Eclavdra and keep them both from figuring out what's going on. And then go on to the Abyss itself to bring the plan to fruition, having just alerted Lolth to the scheme by killing her!

Crap. I might just have to write this.